The APEC Digital Opportunity Center (ADOC) Project is an ECOTECH initiative that Chinese Taipei first proposed in the 2003 APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting. It aims to assist in transforming digital divides into digital opportunities throughout the Asia-Pacific region. The ADOC initiative utilizes the advantages of Chinese Taipei’s information and communications industry, and its experience in developing an e-society, to help APEC member economies upgrade their information and communications technology (ICT) application capabilities; hence, ADOC increases the digital opportunities available to vulnerable segments within the APEC community.
ADOC has adopted a number of simple yet practical approaches to ensure that the
program meets its goals:
- Encourage local participation by encouraging each ADOC partner member economy to adopt, design, and take responsibility for their own ADOC projects to meet local needs.
- Provide guidance to the “Top” for ICT decision makers through various consultation projects and training programs as well as action at the “Bottom” through hands-on partnerships with local NGO’s and the establishment of local ICT partners.
- Provide adequate funds and resources to local partners to enable projets to be completed effectively and efficiently.
- Encourage active cooperation and collaboration among various local governmental, private, and academic institutions in order to meet common goals.
2. First Phase ADOC Project (Aug. 2004-2008)
The first phase ADOC project, as a self-funded project, was launched in August 2004 and concluded at the end of 2008. Chinese Taipei contributed more than US$10 million. In collaboration with seven APEC member economies, including Chile, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Peru, the Philippines, Vietnam and Thailand, 43 ADOC Centers in these partner economies have been established, with more than 600 PCs donated. And around 70,000 people have received training at various ADOC centers. A wide range of training programs are available through these Centers, and their achievements have earned praise from APEC member economies. In the 2008 APEC AMM Joint Statement, Ministers recognized the progress of the APEC Digital Opportunity Centre (ADOC) and welcomed the launch of an extended effort (ADOC 2.0 Project) among concerned economies to bridge digital divides.
3. Second Phase ADOC Project (ADOC 2.0, 2009~2011)
To build on the past foundation and maintain momentum, we proposed the proposal of the second phase ADOC project, that is, ADOC 2.0 at the 2007 APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting. The main idea of the ADOC 2.0 project is to increase the cooperation between the public and private sectors with focus on capacity building activities for disadvantaged groups. In 2009, Mexico joined the ADOC 2.0 project as the 8th ADOC partner economy. Malaysia and Russia also joined the ADOC 2.0 project in 2010.
The main objective of ADOC 2.0 project is to reduce digital divides in the APEC region by enabling people to overcome technological limitations due to age, gender, health, social or education status, and to enjoy the 4A (anytime, anyone, anywhere, anything) benefits of the digitalization. A wide range of ICT training programs will be provided, tailored to the needs of partner economies and focused on the disadvantaged groups in remote areas, including women and children. The project features the wide involvement of private sector, including major ICT firms and non-profit organizations. Through close public-private partnership, “best practices” model for APEC will be established by synergizing the various resources and the strengths from sponsors.
(2). Major achievements of ADOC 2.0
- Built 46 additional Centers in 10 ADOC Partner Member Economies
- Trained around 200,000 people at ADOC Centers.
- Added Mexico, Malaysia and Russia to the list of Partner Member Economies
- In cooperation with the private sector, a computer training center was established for the visually impaired group in the Philippines.
- In cooperation with the private sector, 7 MDOCs (Mobile Digital Opportunity Centers) was launched in rural areas in Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand.
- International Youth Volunteers (ISVs) were sent to some centers to provide various services and ICT training programs.
(3). Organizational Structure
A. Public Sector
Steering Committee: As a decision-making entity, a Steering Committee is comprised of top-level representatives from the Council for Economic Planning and Development (CEPD), Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA), Mr. Stan Shih (the founder of the Acer Group), and the Tzu Chi Foundation.
Task Force: The Task Force is comprised of representatives from the Department of International Organizations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), the CEPD, the Computer Center of the Ministry of Education, the Bureau of Foreign Trade (BOFT) of MOEA, and the Project Non-government Office. The Task Force is responsible for coordinating external and internal communications, and convening intra-agency meetings.
B. Private Sector
Non-Government Steering Committee: As a decision-making entity, this Committee is comprised of representatives from chief or high-ranking executives in private organizations.
Non-Government Office: This Office serves as a communication window between private-sector members and the ADOC 2.0 Project Task Force, and coordinates the involvement of the private sector in the project.