New ADOC Center in Phetchabun Province, Thailand

ADOC Secretariat is proud to announce the recent opening of a new APEC Digital Opportunity Centers in Phetchabun Province, Thailand, at December 8th. The centers were established in cooperation with local partners Petchaboon Garden Hill School.

To commemorate the event, partners organized an opening ceremony for the ADOC Center at Petchaboon Garden Hill School. The ADOC center was handed over as a donation by ADOC Secretariat. Witnesses at the opening ceremony included Mr. Berton B. C. Chiu, Advisor & Director, Economic Division, Taipei Economic & Cultural Office in Thailand and Prof. Dr. Krasae Chanawongse, President, Petchaboon Garden Hill School, Thailand.

Thailand joined the ADOC project in 2007. With this latest addition, the ADOC project has managed to successfully establish 11 computer centers in Partner Member Economy Thailand. Thus far, around 20,000 local people have received training at the ADOC centers in Thailand. ADOC Secretariat will be benefiting many disadvantaged members of the community, providing them with much needed education, skills and access to services provided via the internet.

The ADOC project is a self-funded multi-year Economic and Technical Cooperation (ECOTECH) initiative that Chinese Taipei first raised at the 2003 APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting. It aims to assist in transforming digital divides into digital opportunities throughout the Asia-Pacific region. The first phase of the ADOC project was launched in August 2004 and was concluded at the end of 2008. The second phase ADOC project, ADOC 2.0 project, was proposed during the 2007 APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting and launched in 2009 by Chinese Taipei.

 

 

ADOC Secretariat

 

The Training of Women in ADOC 2.0 Centers in Southeast Asian Economies

The Training of Women in ADOC 2.0 Centers in Southeast Asian Economies

From January to October this year, in the 18 new ADOC Centers that were set up in ADOC Partner Member Economies (PMEs; these are Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, the Philippines, Russia, and Vietnam), a total of 35,688 persons received training. Women are one of the targeted groups for the training programs, and it is intended that women’s standard of living will be improved through higher digital standards, advanced ITC equipment, the cultivation of information skills, and the use of digital resources.

Among the ten PMEs, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam are ASEAN members, and 11 of the 18 new centers were set up in these economies. These have trained 16,312 persons, accounting for 46% of the total, and of these persons 8,071 persons were female, or 50% of the trainees in this region.

To better understand the outcomes of the training, the ADOC Secretariat conducts regular follow-up studies on those who have completed the training and revises and adjusts the training programs accordingly. However, it has found that the training outcomes vary widely among PMEs, and even among Centers within individual PMEs, depending on broad differences in the social, economic, and cultural contexts of each Center. With respect to the female trainees, employment growth rates among female trainees in Vietnam were higher than for the males. School enrollment rates for women in the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and Malaysia are quite high because the Centers in those economies are mostly set up in cooperation with schools; in Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam, female school enrollment rates are higher than for male enrollment rates. In the Philippines, more students obtained licenses and certificates after training, but in general, the Centers will need to strengthen their efforts and guidance in this regard.

 

Table: tracking the following training effects

Economies employment Starting Business School Enrollment Obtaining License subtotal Number of effective questionnaires Ratio of training effects Ratio of returned questionnaires
male female male female male female male female male female
Indonesia Total number 180 - - - 180 380 47% 12.5%
Number of gender 93 87 - - - - - 93 87
Gender Effects 24% 23% - - - - - 24% 23%
Male to female ratio 52% 48% - - - - - 52% 48%
The Philippines Total number 161 - 71 53 285 573 50% 10.4%
Number of gender 83 78 - - 45 26 18 35 146 139
Gender Effects 14% 14% - - 8% 5% 3% 6% 25% 24%
Male to female ratio 52% 48% - - 63% 37% 34% 66% 51% 49%
Thailand Total number - - 220 - 220 487 45% 23.1%
Number of gender - - - - 115 105 - 115 105
Gender Effects - - - - 24% 22% - 24% 22%
Male to female ratio - - - - 52% 48% - 52% 48%
Vietnam Total number 120 - 147 - 267 482 55% 14.8%
Number of gender 62 58 - - 64 83 - 126 141
Gender Effects 13% 12% - - 13% 17% - 26% 29%
Male to female ratio 52% 48% - - 44% 56% - 47% 53%
Malaysia Total number - - 63 - 63 130 48% 15.2%
Number of gender - - - - 34 29 - 34 29
Gender Effects - - - - 26% 22% - 26% 22%
Male to female ratio - - - - 54% 46% - 54% 46%

 

Resources:ADOC 2.0 Project

Note 1: Gender Effects: Number of gender/Number of effective sample; Male to female ratio: Number of gender/ Given total number

Note 2: No response on questionnaires is indicated in dash.

「第二階段APEC數位機會中心(ADOC 2.0)」於東南亞合作會員體婦女培訓相關情形補充說明

 

一、  國際貿易局委託資策會辦理之ADOC 2.0計畫,本(100)年迄10月底止,業於祕魯、智利、越南、印尼、菲律賓、巴布亞紐幾內亞、墨西哥、馬來西亞及俄羅斯等合作會員體設立18處培訓中心,培訓總人數達3萬5,688人。婦女為本計畫培訓對象之一,並藉由提升數位水平、進用資訊設備、培養資訊能力及運用數位資源等措施提升婦女生活品質。

二、  本計畫10個會員體中,越南、印尼、菲律賓、馬來西亞及泰國為東協成員國,在本年度新設立之18處中心佔11處,並已完成1萬6,312人數之培訓作業,占總培訓人數46%,其中女性共8,071人,占本區域培訓人數50%

三、  為了解各會員體後續培訓成果,ADOC秘書處定期追蹤學員培訓成效,並依各項統計分析結果對本計畫進行修正與調整,以落實「提升資訊應用能力、縮短數位落差並轉換為數位機會」之計畫宗旨。

(一)   調查方法:委託各合作單位針對結訓一至二個月之學員進行追蹤調查。由各地計畫助理彙集後呈報計畫秘書處。由於ADOC培訓中心遍布各合作會員體,對問卷調查之反應不盡相同,問卷回收情形仍有進步空間。未來在經費許可下,將搭配激勵措施,有效增加問卷調查回收率與樣本代表性。

(二)   調查時程:本年自3月1日起委託各中心針對今年初受訓之學員進行調查。

  1. 第一階段彙整時限為5月31日
  2. 第二階段彙整時限為9月25日 (本次調查為彙整第一期及第二期之結果)
  3. 第三階段彙整時限預計為11月底

(三)   調查結果:ADOC計畫為配合區域性差異,培訓課程尊重各合作單位之需求及自主安排。然而,各合作會員體之社會、經濟及文化背景差異甚大,即便是在同一合作會員體,各培訓中心之目標、能力與環境亦不盡相同,為各培訓中心成效不一之主要原因。各調查項目之追蹤成果如下:

  1. 就業成效:越南的女性就業成長比例高於男性。此可歸因於該合作會員體中,皆有以女性為主體之職業培訓單位,如越南婦女發展協會或祕魯婦女協會。
  2. 就學率成效:菲律賓、泰國、越南及馬來西亞多以學校作為合作單位,如泰國亞洲學人學院,故在就學率的成效較為突出,而其中泰國、越南和馬來西亞的女性就學成長比例高於男性。
  3. 考取證照成效:以菲律賓成效較佳,但整體成效仍存在極大進步空間,有賴培訓中心的宣導與加強。

表:追蹤培訓學員後續發展

合作會員體 就業 創業 就學 考取證照 小計 有效
回收
問卷
按回收問卷
計算之
培訓成效
問卷
回收率
印尼 男女
總人數
180 - - - 180 380 47% 12.5%
男女
人數
93 87 - - - - - 93 87
性別
成效
24% 23% - - - - - 24% 23%
性別
比例
52% 48% - - - - - 52% 48%
菲律賓 男女
總人數
161 - 71 53 285 573 50% 10.4%
男女人數 83 78 - - 45 26 18 35 146 139
性別
成效
14% 14% - - 8% 5% 3% 6% 25% 24%
性別
比例
52% 48% - - 63% 37% 34% 66% 51% 49%
泰國 男女總人數 - - 220 - 220 487 45% 23.1%
男女
人數
- - - - 115 105 - 115 105
性別
成效
- - - - 24% 22% - 24% 22%
性別
比例
- - - - 52% 48% - 52% 48%
越南 男女總人數 120 - 147 - 267 482 55% 14.8%
男女
人數
62 58 - - 64 83 - 126 141
性別
成效
13% 12% - - 13% 17% - 26% 29%
性別
比例
52% 48% - - 44% 56% - 47% 53%
馬來西亞 男女總人數 - - 63 - 63 130 48% 15.2%
男女
人數
- - - - 34 29 - 34 29
性別
成效
- - - - 26% 22% - 26% 22%
性別
比例
- - - - 54% 46% - 54% 46%

資料來源:本專案

註1:性別成效之計算公式為(性別人數/有效樣本數);各選項之性別比例計算公式為(性別人數/該選項人數)

註2:部分指標因問卷調查對象均未針對該項指標回覆,故無統計結果